Spring Boot Transaction Propagation Tutorial with Code Example (2020) | TechGeekNext >>



Spring Boot Transaction Propagation Example


In the previous tutorial, we've seen the Spring Boot Transaction Management Example using Declarative Transaction Management.
In this tutorial, we're going to understand what is transaction propagation and it's different types.
In the next tutorial, we'll look at Transaction Rollbacks for the checked exceptions using Spring Boot.

What is Transaction Propagation?

There are many components/services involved in the enterprise application for any given request to get the job done. Some of these components/services mark the transaction boundary (start/end) that will be used in the corresponding component and its sub-components. For this transaction boundary of components/services, Transaction Propagation specifies whether or not the corresponding component will participate in the transaction and what happens if the calling component/service has or does not already have a transaction created/started.

In enterprise application, there are many services or components involved to compeleted the job/request. Transaction Propogation specifies whether or not the current component/service will participate in the transaction, and what if the calling component/service has or does not already have a transaction created/started.

Transaction Propagation Types: There are six types of Transaction Propagation:
REQUIRED is Default Transaction Propagation.

  • REQUIRED
  • SUPPORTS
  • NOT_SUPPORTED
  • REQUIRES_NEW
  • NEVER
  • MANDATORY
Propagation Behaviour
REQUIRED Always executes in a transaction. If there is any existing transaction it uses it. If none exists then only a new one is created
SUPPORTS It may or may not run in a transaction. If current transaction exists then it is supported. If none exists then gets executed with out transaction.
NOT_SUPPORTED Always executes without a transaction. If there is any existing transaction it gets suspended
REQUIRES_NEW Always executes in a new transaction. If there is any existing transaction it gets suspended
NEVER Always executes with out any transaction. It throws an exception if there is an existing transaction
MANDATORY Always executes in a transaction. If there is any existing transaction it is used. If there is no existing transaction it will throw an exception.

In this tutorial, we're going to look at the different scenarios to understand transaction propagation types in detail.

  1. REQUIRED Propagation:

    CASE 1:

    We will take example code from Spring Boot Transaction Management, as seen registerUser and addNote service methods are getting called from addNoteToSpecficUser. So here we have added @transaction at the top of addNoteToSpecficUser method, without any propagation parameter, so by default Spring will consider REQUIRED type. In this case, if calling service addNoteToSpecficUser having REQUIRED propagation, so registerUser and addNote will make use of existing transaction created from addNoteToSpecficUser.

    If we add @transaction(REQUIRED) at the top of registerUser and addNote method, it will consider calling service transaction propagation type, else it'll creates it's own transaction if calling service has no transaction created.

    Code: From below main class, calling addNoteToSpecificUser method.
    package com.techgeeknext;
    
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.Notes;
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.User;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.UserNotesLinkService;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.UserService;
    import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
    import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
    import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
    import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.config.EnableJpaAuditing;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
    
    @SpringBootApplication
    @EnableJpaAuditing
    @RestController
    public class TransactionManagementApplication {
    
    	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    		ApplicationContext context = SpringApplication.run(TransactionManagementApplication.class, args);
    		UserNotesLinkService userNotesLinkService = context.getBean(UserNotesLinkService.class);
    
    		UserService userService = context.getBean(UserService.class);
    
    		/* TEST DATA FOR TRANSACTION MANAGEMENT EXAMPLE*/
    		// create new user
    		User user = new User();
    		user.setUserMail("techgeeknext@gmail.com");
    		user.setUserPass("12345678jhg");
    
    		//create new note
    		Notes note = new Notes();
    		note.setTitle("Test Note");
    		note.setMessage("Test Message");
    
    		//link above new user with above note
    		userNotesLinkService.addNoteToSpecificUser(user, note);
    	}
    }

    UserNotesLinkServiceImpl: It has addNoteToSpecificUser implementation, it calls registerUser from UserService and addNote methods from NotesService.
    package com.techgeeknext.service.impl;
    
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.Notes;
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.User;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.NotesService;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.UserNotesLinkService;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.UserService;
    import com.techgeeknext.util.ApplicationConstants;
    import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
    import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
    import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Propagation;
    import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
    @Service
    public class UserNotesLinkServiceImpl implements UserNotesLinkService {
        @Autowired
        private UserService userService;
    
        @Autowired
        private NotesService notesService;
    
        @Override
        @Transactional(propagation= Propagation.REQUIRED)
        public String addNoteToSpecificUser(User user, Notes note) throws Exception {
            //create new user
            User createdUser = userService.registerUser(user);
            Notes dbNote = new Notes();
            dbNote.setTitle(note.getTitle());
            dbNote.setMessage(note.getMessage());
            //set created user to note
            dbNote.setUserDetails(createdUser);
            //persist new note
            notesService.addNote(dbNote);
            return ApplicationConstants.ADDED_NOTE_DESC;
        }
    }
    

    UserServiceImpl: It contains implementation of registerUser method.
    package com.techgeeknext.service.impl;
    
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.User;
    import com.techgeeknext.repository.UserRepository;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.UserService;
    import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
    import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
    import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Propagation;
    import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
    
    @Service
    public class UserServiceImpl implements  UserService{
        @Autowired
        UserRepository userRepository;
    
    
        @Override
        @Transactional(propagation= Propagation.REQUIRED)
        public User registerUser(User user)
        {
            return userRepository.save(user);
        }
    }
    

    NotesServiceImpl: It contains implementation of addNote method.
    package com.techgeeknext.service.impl;
    import java.util.List;
    
    import javax.validation.Valid;
    
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.NoteBase;
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.Notes;
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.User;
    import com.techgeeknext.repository.NotesRepository;
    import com.techgeeknext.repository.UserRepository;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.NotesService;
    import com.techgeeknext.util.ApplicationConstants;
    import org.apache.logging.log4j.LogManager;
    import org.apache.logging.log4j.Logger;
    import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
    import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
    import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
    import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Propagation;
    
    @Service
    public class NotesServiceImpl implements NotesService {
    
    	@Autowired
    	private NotesRepository noteRepository;
    
    	@Override
    	@Transactional(propagation= Propagation.REQUIRED)
    	public String addNote(Notes note){
    		noteRepository.save(note);
    		return ApplicationConstants.ADDED_NOTE_DESC;
    	}
    }
    
    Output
    CASE 2:

    In case, if registerUser method is called directly and it has propagation as REQUIRED, then it will create it's own new transaction.

    Code: It's the main class, which calls registerUser from User Service.
    package com.techgeeknext;
    
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.User;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.UserNotesLinkService;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.UserService;
    import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
    import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
    import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
    import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.config.EnableJpaAuditing;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
    
    @SpringBootApplication
    @EnableJpaAuditing
    @RestController
    public class TransactionManagementApplication {
    
    	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    		ApplicationContext context = SpringApplication.run(TransactionManagementApplication.class, args);
    		UserNotesLinkService userNotesLinkService = context.getBean(UserNotesLinkService.class);
    
    		UserService userService = context.getBean(UserService.class);
    
    		/* TEST DATA FOR TESTING PROPAGATION FOR SINGLE SERVICE*/
    		User user1 = new User();
    		user1.setUserMail("newuser@gmail.com");
    		user1.setUserPass("23456ghqwe");
    		userService.registerUser(user1);
    	}
    }

    UserServiceImpl: This is the implementation class for the registerUser.
    package com.techgeeknext.service.impl;
    
    import com.techgeeknext.modal.User;
    import com.techgeeknext.repository.UserRepository;
    import com.techgeeknext.service.UserService;
    import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
    import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
    import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Propagation;
    import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
    
    @Service
    public class UserServiceImpl implements  UserService{
        @Autowired
        UserRepository userRepository;
    
    
        @Override
        @Transactional(propagation= Propagation.REQUIRED)
        public User registerUser(User user)
        {
            return userRepository.save(user);
        }
    }
    
    Output:
  2. SUPPORTS Propagation:

    CASE 1:

    In this case, if calling service addNoteToSpecficUser having REQUIRED propagation, and registerUser and addNote having SUPPORT propagation then registerUser and addNote will make use of existing transaction created from addNoteToSpecficUser.

    If the calling service (addNoteToSpecficUser) does not have transaction, the registerUser and addNote with SUPPORT propagation will not creates it's own transaction.

    So in case of SUPPORT, registerUser and addNote will be utilizing calling service transaction if it exist, else it'll not create new and run without any transaction.

    CASE 2:

    In case, if registerUser method is called directly and it has propagation as SUPPORT, then it will not create it's own new transaction and run without transaction.

  3. NOT_SUPPORTED Propagation:

    CASE 1:

    In this case, if calling service addNoteToSpecficUser having REQUIRED propagation, and registerUser and addNote having NOT_SUPPORTED propagation then registerUser and addNote will not make use of existing transaction created from addNoteToSpecficUser and nor it will creates it's own, rather it runs without any transaction.

    NOT_SUPPORTED, will always run without transaction and doesn't creates it's own transaction and also not utilizes the calling service transaction.

    CASE 2:

    In case, if registerUser method is called directly and it has propagation as NOT_SUPPORTED, then it will not create it's own new transaction and run without transaction.

  4. REQUIRES_NEW Propagation:

    CASE 1:

    In this case, if calling service addNoteToSpecficUser having REQUIRED propagation, and registerUser and addNote having REQUIRES_NEW propagation then registerUser and addNote will always creates it's own transaction and doesn't utilizes the existing/calling service transaction.

    In short, the service which has REQUIRES_NEW will always creates it's own new transaction and doesn't use it's calling service transaction.

    CASE 2:

    In case, if registerUser method is called directly and it has propagation as REQUIRES_NEW, then it will always create it's own new transaction.

  5. NEVER Propagation:

    CASE 1:

    In this case, if calling service addNoteToSpecficUser having REQUIRED propagation, and registerUser and addNote having NEVER propagation then registerUser and addNote will not make use of existing transaction rather it will throw EXECEPTION.
    And if calling service addNoteToSpecficUser doesn't have any transaction, then registerUser and addNote will not create it's own transaction and it'll run without transaction.

    CASE 2:

    In case, if registerUser method is called directly and it has propagation as NEVER, then it will NEVER create new transaction and runs without transaction.

  6. MANDATORY Propagation:

    CASE 1:

    In this case, if calling service addNoteToSpecficUser having REQUIRED propagation, and registerUser and addNote having MANDATORY propagation then registerUser and addNote will make use of existing transaction.
    And if calling service (addNoteToSpecficUser) doesn't have trsation then registerUser and addNote having MANDATORY propagation, will throw EXCEPTION.

    So i short, calling service (addNoteToSpecficUser) should transaction else service which calls calling service will throw exception.

    CASE 2:

    In case, if registerUser method is called directly with MANDATORY propagation, then it will throw an EXCEPTION.

Download Source Code

Download Spring Boot Transaction Management base source code and change the propagation types as given above to see the propagation behaviour in detail.
























































Recommendation for Top Popular Post :